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To enable Registered Nurses to further develop their knowledge in caring for people with a chronic illness who are experiencing challenging symptoms or complex psycho-social situations during the dying phase

Learning outcomes

apply advanced knowledge and skill in the assessment of patients with chronic illness experiencing challenging symptoms during the dying phase (e.g., terminal restlessness; cognitive impairment).

critique pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches to the management of challenging symptoms during the dying phase.

reflect on and explore psycho-social approaches to support the person experiencing challenging symptoms, and the impact of this on their family/whanau, during the dying phase.

understand the concept of different dying trajectories, including appropriate assessment frameworks and management strategies.

identify the grief and loss issues experienced by families that may be unique to chronic illness.